DEMO_febio_0060_vertebrae_disc_01

Below is a demonstration for:

Contents

Keywords

clear; close all; clc;

Plot settings

fontSize=15;
faceAlpha1=1;
faceAlpha2=0.3;
markerSize1=25;
markerSize2=10;
lineWidth=2;
boneColor=[1.0000    0.9500    0.8000];
discColor=[0.8500    0.5000    0.3000];

Control parameters

% Path names
defaultFolder = fileparts(fileparts(mfilename('fullpath')));
savePath=fullfile(defaultFolder,'data','temp');

% Defining file names
febioFebFileNamePart='tempModel';
febioFebFileName=fullfile(savePath,[febioFebFileNamePart,'.feb']); %FEB file name
febioLogFileName=fullfile(savePath,[febioFebFileNamePart,'.txt']); %FEBio log file name
febioLogFileName_disp=[febioFebFileNamePart,'_disp_out.txt']; %Log file name for exporting displacement
febioLogFileName_force=[febioFebFileNamePart,'_force_out.txt']; %Log file name for exporting force
febioLogFileName_strainEnergy=[febioFebFileNamePart,'_energy_out.txt']; %Log file name for exporting strain energy density

%Geometric parameters
vertebraOffset=[0 0 30];
discHeight=12;
rotAngleVert2=0;
volumeFactorDisc=2;
pointSpacing=3; %Approximate/desired node spacing
annulusFibrosusFraction=0.5;
numLayers=3;

% Material parameters
% Disc
c1_1=1; %Shear-modulus-like parameter in MPa
m1_1=2; %Material parameter setting degree of non-linearity
k_1=c1_1*100; %Bulk modulus

% FEA control settings
numTimeSteps=10; %Number of time steps desired
max_refs=25; %Max reforms
max_ups=0; %Set to zero to use full-Newton iterations
opt_iter=10; %Optimum number of iterations
max_retries=8; %Maximum number of retires
dtmin=(1/numTimeSteps)/100; %Minimum time step size
dtmax=1/numTimeSteps; %Maximum time step size
symmetric_stiffness=0;
min_residual=1e-20;
runMode='external';

%Boundary condition parameters
forceApplied=1;
displacementMagnitude=-1;

Get vertebra bone model

[F1,V1]=graphicsModels('vertebra');
rotAngle=-6;
R=euler2DCM([0 (rotAngle./180)*pi 0]);
V1=V1*R;

Remeshing

optionStructRemesh.pointSpacing=pointSpacing; %Set desired point spacing
optionStructRemesh.disp_on=1; % Turn off command window text display
[F1,V1]=ggremesh(F1,V1,optionStructRemesh);
 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
------>  Geogram/vorpalite for resmeshing  <------ 17-Feb-2022 10:16:43
# Export mesh input file.                          17-Feb-2022 10:16:43
# Run Geomgram/vorpalite.                          17-Feb-2022 10:16:43
 ______________________________________________________________________________ 
|                                                                              |
| o-[config      ] Configuration file name:geogram.ini                         |
|                  Home directory:/root                                        |
| o-[I/O         ] Output = /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp_out.obj     |
|                  Loading file /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.obj...  |
|                  (FP64) nb_v:7500 nb_e:0 nb_f:15000 nb_b:0 tri:1 dim:3       |
|                  Attributes on vertices: point[3]                            |
| o-[Load        ] Elapsed time: 0 s                                           |
   ___________________________
 _/ =====[preprocessing]===== \________________________________________________
|                                                                              |
| o-[CmdLine     ] using pre:epsilon=0(0%)                                     |
|                  using pre:min_comp_area=369.182(3%)                         |
| o-[Components  ] Nb connected components=1                                   |
|                  Mesh does not have small connected component (good)         |
| o-[CmdLine     ] using pre:max_hole_area=100                                 |
| o-[Validate    ] Mesh does not have 0-area facets (good)                     |
| o-[CmdLine     ] using pre:margin=0(0%)                                      |
| o-[Pre         ] Elapsed time: 0 s                                           |
   _______________________
 _/ =====[remeshing]===== \____________________________________________________
|                                                                              |
||| o-[Newton      ] Elapsed time: 0.26s                                         |
| o-[Remesh      ] Computing RVD...                                            |
| o-[Validate    ] (FP64) nb_v:1580 nb_e:0 nb_f:3160 nb_b:0 tri:1 dim:3        |
|                  Attributes on vertices: point[3]                            |
| o-[Remesh      ] Elapsed time: 0.32 s                                        |
   ____________________________
 _/ =====[postprocessing]===== \_______________________________________________
|                                                                              |
| o-[CmdLine     ] using post:min_comp_area=357.414(3%)                        |
| o-[Components  ] Nb connected components=1                                   |
|                  Mesh does not have small connected component (good)         |
| o-[CmdLine     ] using post:max_hole_area=100                                |
|                  using post:max_deg3_dist=0.121185(0.10000000000000001%)     |
| o-[Degree3     ] Does not have any degree 3 vertex (good)                    |
| o-[Post        ] Elapsed time: 0 s                                           |
   ____________________
 _/ =====[result]===== \_______________________________________________________
|                                                                              |
| o-[FinalMesh   ] (FP64) nb_v:1580 nb_e:0 nb_f:3160 nb_b:0 tri:1 dim:3        |
|                  Attributes on vertices: point[3]                            |
| o-[I/O         ] Saving file /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp_out.obj. |
|                  ..                                                          |
| o-[Total time  ] Elapsed time: 0.49 s                                        |
\______________________________________________________________________________/
# Importing remeshed geometry.                     17-Feb-2022 10:16:43
# Removing temporary files.                        17-Feb-2022 10:16:43
# Done!                                            17-Feb-2022 10:16:43

Find top and bottom surface

The below is a very basic hardcoded approach to finding (approximately) the top and bottom surfaces where the intevertebral discs would attached to the vertebra. The "detection" is based on the angle elements face with respect to the z-axis, and the distance from the origin (which lies in the middle in terms of the z-direction and in the centre of the disc attachement area in terms of the xy-direction).

angularThreshold=(25/180)*pi;
distanceThreshold=26;

V1F=patchCentre(F1,V1);

N=patchNormal(F1,V1);
nz=[0 0 1];
a=acos(dot(N,nz(ones(size(N,1),1),:),2));

D             = sqrt(sum(V1F(:,[1 2]).^2,2));
logicTop      = D<distanceThreshold & a<angularThreshold;
indNotInLogic = unique(F1(~logicTop,:));
logicTop      = logicTop & ~any(ismember(F1,indNotInLogic),2);
logicTop      = triSurfLogicSharpFix(F1,logicTop,3);

D             = sqrt(sum(V1F(:,[1 2]).^2,2));
logicBottom   = D<distanceThreshold & a>(pi-angularThreshold);
indNotInLogic = unique(F1(~logicBottom,:));
logicBottom   = logicBottom & ~any(ismember(F1,indNotInLogic),2);
logicBottom   = triSurfLogicSharpFix(F1,logicBottom,3);

C1=zeros(size(F1,1),1);
C1(logicTop)=1;
C1(logicBottom)=2;
cFigure; hold on;
gpatch(F1,V1,C1,'k',1);

axisGeom(gca,fontSize);
colormap gjet; icolorbar;
camlight('headlight');
gdrawnow;

Get top and bottom boundary curves

Eb1=patchBoundary(F1(C1==1,:));
indList1=edgeListToCurve(Eb1);
indList1=indList1(1:end-1);

Eb2=patchBoundary(F1(C1==2,:));
indList2=edgeListToCurve(Eb2);
indList2=indList2(1:end-1);

Resample meshes so curves end up with the same number of points

n=[numel(indList1) numel(indList2)];
[nMax,indMax]=max(n);
nn=abs(diff(n));
switch indMax
    case 1
        [F1,V1,Eb2,C1]=triSurfSplitBoundary(F1,V1,Eb2,size(Eb2,1)+nn,C1);
        indList2=edgeListToCurve(Eb2);
        indList2=indList2(1:end-1);
    case 2
        [F1,V1,Eb1,C1]=triSurfSplitBoundary(F1,V1,Eb1,size(Eb1,1)+nn,C1);
        indList1=edgeListToCurve(Eb1);
        indList1=indList1(1:end-1);
end

Fix curve order

[~,indMin]=minDist(V1(indList1(1),:),V1(indList2,:));
if indMin>1
    indList2=[indList2(indMin:end) indList2(1:indMin-1)];
end
nc=10;
ns=50;
[V1]=smoothCurve(F1,V1,nc,ns,indList1);
[V1]=smoothCurve(F1,V1,nc,ns,indList2);

P11=mean(V1(indList1,:),1);
N11=mean(patchNormal(F1(C1==1,:),V1),1);

P12=mean(V1(indList2,:),1);
N12=-mean(patchNormal(F1(C1==2,:),V1),1);
cFigure; hold on;
gpatch(F1,V1,C1,'k',1);
% patchNormPlot(F1,V1)
plotV(V1(indList1,:),'r.-','MarkerSize',25,'LineWidth',3);
plotV(V1(indList2,:),'r.-','MarkerSize',25,'LineWidth',3);

plotV(V1(indList1(1:2),:),'y.','MarkerSize',35);
plotV(V1(indList2(1:2),:),'y.','MarkerSize',35);

% plotV(V1(indRigid,:),'c.','MarkerSize',15);
quiverVec(P11,N11,5,'r');
quiverVec(P12,N12,5,'r');

axisGeom(gca,fontSize);
colormap gjet; icolorbar;
camlight('headlight');
gdrawnow;
F2=F1;
V2=V1;
C2=C1;

R2=euler2DCM([0 (rotAngleVert2./180)*pi 0]);
V2=V2*R2;
V2=V2+vertebraOffset(ones(size(V1,1),1),:);
V2(:,3)=V2(:,3)+discHeight;

P21=mean(V2(indList1,:),1);
N21=mean(patchNormal(F2(C2==1,:),V2),1);

P22=mean(V2(indList2,:),1);
N22=-mean(patchNormal(F2(C2==2,:),V2),1);
f=discHeight/3;
p=[P11;P11+f*N11; P22-f*N22; P22];

numStepsCurve=ceil(discHeight./pointSpacing);
Vg=bezierCurve(p,numStepsCurve);

[Fds,Vds,Cds]=sweepLoft(V1(indList1,:),V2(indList2,:),N11,N12,Vg,numStepsCurve);
[~,~,Nd]=patchNormal(Fds,Vds);
CVds=faceToVertexMeasure(Fds,Vds,Cds);
CVds=CVds-min(CVds(:));
CVds=CVds./max(CVds(:));
CVds=abs(CVds-0.5);
CVds=CVds./max(CVds(:));
CVds=CVds.^2;
CVds=1-CVds;
Vds=Vds+discHeight/10*Nd.*CVds;

[Fds,Vds]=quad2tri(Fds,Vds,'a');

clear cPar;
cPar.n=5;
cPar.Method='HC';
cPar.RigidConstraints=unique(patchBoundary(Fds));
[Vds]=patchSmooth(Fds,Vds,[],cPar);

[Fd,Vd,Cd]=joinElementSets({Fds,fliplr(F2(C2==2,:)),fliplr(F1(C1==1,:))},{Vds,V2,V1});
[Fd,Vd]=patchCleanUnused(Fd,Vd);
[Fd,Vd]=mergeVertices(Fd,Vd);

Visualize imported surfaces

cFigure; hold on;
gpatch(F1,V1,'rw','none',0.5);
gpatch(F2,V2,'gw','none',0.5);
gpatch(Fd,Vd,Cd,'k',1);

% plotV(Vg,'r.-','MarkerSize',25,'LineWidth',3);

camlight('headlight');
axisGeom(gca,fontSize);
colormap gjet; icolorbar;
gdrawnow;

Mesh disc with tetrahedral elements

Tet meshing is based on tetgen. TetGen requires a interior points for regions to be meshed, as well as intertior points for holes.

Define region points

[V_region]=getInnerPoint(Fd,Vd);

Visualize interior points

cFigure; hold on;
hp1=gpatch(Fd,Vd,'kw','none',0.5);
patchNormPlot(Fd,Vd);
hp2=plotV(V_region,'r.','markerSize',markerSize1);
legend([hp1 hp2],{'Disc mesh','Region point'});
axisGeom(gca,fontSize);
camlight('headlight');
gdrawnow;

Mesh using tetgen

inputStruct.stringOpt='-pq1.2AaY'; %TetGen option string
inputStruct.Faces=Fd; %The faces
inputStruct.Nodes=Vd; %The vertices
inputStruct.holePoints=[]; %The hole interior points
inputStruct.faceBoundaryMarker=Cd; %Face boundary markers
inputStruct.regionPoints=V_region; %The region interior points
inputStruct.regionA=tetVolMeanEst(Fd,Vd)*volumeFactorDisc; %Volume for regular tets

Mesh model using tetrahedral elements using tetGen

[meshOutput]=runTetGen(inputStruct); %Run tetGen
 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
--- TETGEN Tetrahedral meshing --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
--- Writing SMESH file --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
----> Adding node field
----> Adding facet field
----> Adding holes specification
----> Adding region specification
--- Done --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
--- Running TetGen to mesh input boundary--- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
Opening /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.smesh.
Delaunizing vertices...
Delaunay seconds:  0.001533
Creating surface mesh ...
Surface mesh seconds:  0.000758
Recovering boundaries...
Boundary recovery seconds:  0.000808
Removing exterior tetrahedra ...
Spreading region attributes.
Exterior tets removal seconds:  0.000521
Recovering Delaunayness...
Delaunay recovery seconds:  0.000711
Refining mesh...
  513 insertions, added 320 points, 204 tetrahedra in queue.
Refinement seconds:  0.010527
Smoothing vertices...
Mesh smoothing seconds:  0.012762
Improving mesh...
Mesh improvement seconds:  0.000646

Writing /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.1.node.
Writing /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.1.ele.
Writing /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.1.face.
Writing /mnt/data/MATLAB/GIBBON/data/temp/temp.1.edge.

Output seconds:  0.009349
Total running seconds:  0.037715

Statistics:

  Input points: 385
  Input facets: 766
  Input segments: 1149
  Input holes: 0
  Input regions: 1

  Mesh points: 713
  Mesh tetrahedra: 3094
  Mesh faces: 6571
  Mesh faces on exterior boundary: 766
  Mesh faces on input facets: 766
  Mesh edges on input segments: 1149
  Steiner points inside domain: 328

--- Done --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
--- Importing TetGen files --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51
--- Done --- 17-Feb-2022 10:16:51

Access model element and patch data

Fb_disc=meshOutput.facesBoundary; %Boundary faces of the disc
Cb_disc=meshOutput.boundaryMarker; %Boundary marker/color data for the disc
V_disc=meshOutput.nodes; %The vertices/nodes
E_disc=meshOutput.elements; %The tet4 elements

Visualizing mesh using meshView, see also anim8

meshView(meshOutput);
VE_disc=patchCentre(E_disc,V_disc);
Eb=patchBoundary(Fb_disc(ismember(Cb_disc,[2,3]),:));
indB=unique(Fb_disc(ismember(Cb_disc,1),:));
[D,~]=minDist(VE_disc(:,[1 2]),V_disc(indB,[1 2]));
D=D./max(D(:));
D=1-D;
logicAnnulusFibrosus=D<=annulusFibrosusFraction;
D(logicAnnulusFibrosus)=annulusFibrosusFraction;
D=D-min(D(:));
D=D./max(D(:));


[FE,CF]=element2patch(E_disc,logicAnnulusFibrosus);
cFigure;  hold on;
gpatch(FE,V_disc,CF,'k',1);

axisGeom;
camlight headlight;
view(2);
colormap gjet; colorbar;
gdrawnow;
VEb=patchCentre(Eb,V_disc);
t = atan2(VEb(:,2),VEb(:,1));
T = atan2(VE_disc(:,2),VE_disc(:,1));


VEb=patchCentre(Eb,V_disc);
NE=vecnormalize(V_disc(Eb(:,1),:)-V_disc(Eb(:,2),:));
NE(:,3)=0;
NE=vecnormalize(NE);
[~,indMin]=minDist(T,t);
% z=[0 0 1];
% NFC=cross(NF,z(ones(size(NF,1),1),:),2);
NE_disc=NE(indMin,:);

% NE_disc(:,[1 2])=NE_disc(:,[1 2]).*sin(numLayers.*D(:,ones(1,2)).*2*pi);
% NE_disc(:,3)=cos(numLayers.*D.*2*pi);
% NE_disc(logicAnnulusFibrosus,:)=NaN;

logicEven=iseven(round(D.*numLayers));
NE_disc(logicEven,3)=1;
NE_disc(~logicEven,3)=-1;
NE_disc=vecnormalize(NE_disc);
NE_disc(logicAnnulusFibrosus,:)=NaN;

cFigure;  hold on;
gpatch(Fb_disc,V_disc,'w','none',0.1);
gpatch(Eb,V_disc,'none','k',1,3);
% plotV(VE_disc,'k.','MarkerSize',1);
plotV(mean(V_disc,1),'r.','MarkerSize',25);
quiverVec(VE_disc(1:10:end,:),NE_disc(1:10:end,:),1,D(1:10:end,:));
axisGeom;
camlight headlight;
view(2);
colormap gjet;
gdrawnow;

Joining node sets

V=[V_disc;V1;V2]; %Combined node sets
E1=F1+size(V_disc,1); %Fixed element indices
E2=F2+size(V_disc,1)+size(V1,1); %Fixed element indices

numDigitsMerge=6-numOrder(pointSpacing);
[~,indKeep,indFix]=unique(pround(V,numDigitsMerge),'rows');
V=V(indKeep,:);
E_disc=indFix(E_disc);
E1=indFix(E1);
E2=indFix(E2);
Fb_disc=indFix(Fb_disc);

Define boundary conditions

Visualize BC's

cFigure; hold on;
title('Boundary conditions');
hp(1)=gpatch(Fb_disc,V,'w','none',0.5);
hp(2)=gpatch(E1,V,'rw','none',1);
hp(3)=gpatch(E2,V,'bw','none',1);
legend(hp,{'Disc','Constrained vertebra','BC vertebra'});

axisGeom;
camlight headlight;
gdrawnow;

Defining the FEBio input structure

See also febioStructTemplate and febioStruct2xml and the FEBio user manual.

%Get a template with default settings
[febio_spec]=febioStructTemplate;

%febio_spec version
febio_spec.ATTR.version='3.0';

%Module section
febio_spec.Module.ATTR.type='solid';

%Control section
febio_spec.Control.analysis='STATIC';
febio_spec.Control.time_steps=numTimeSteps;
febio_spec.Control.step_size=1/numTimeSteps;
febio_spec.Control.solver.max_refs=max_refs;
febio_spec.Control.solver.max_ups=max_ups;
febio_spec.Control.time_stepper.dtmin=dtmin;
febio_spec.Control.time_stepper.dtmax=dtmax;
febio_spec.Control.time_stepper.max_retries=max_retries;
febio_spec.Control.time_stepper.opt_iter=opt_iter;

%Material section
materialName1='Material1';
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.ATTR.name=materialName1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.ATTR.type='Ogden';
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.ATTR.id=1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.c1=c1_1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.m1=m1_1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.c2=c1_1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.m2=-m1_1;
febio_spec.Material.material{1}.k=k_1;

materialName2='Material2';
febio_spec.Material.material{2}.ATTR.name=materialName2;
febio_spec.Material.material{2}.ATTR.type='rigid body';
febio_spec.Material.material{2}.ATTR.id=2;
febio_spec.Material.material{2}.density=1;
febio_spec.Material.material{2}.center_of_mass=mean(V(unique(E1),:),1);

materialName3='Material3';
febio_spec.Material.material{3}.ATTR.name=materialName3;
febio_spec.Material.material{3}.ATTR.type='rigid body';
febio_spec.Material.material{3}.ATTR.id=3;
febio_spec.Material.material{3}.density=1;
febio_spec.Material.material{3}.center_of_mass=mean(V(unique(E2),:),1);

% Mesh section
% -> Nodes
febio_spec.Mesh.Nodes{1}.ATTR.name='Object1'; %The node set name
febio_spec.Mesh.Nodes{1}.node.ATTR.id=(1:size(V,1))'; %The node id's
febio_spec.Mesh.Nodes{1}.node.VAL=V; %The nodel coordinates

% -> Elements
partName1='Part1';
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{1}.ATTR.name=partName1; %Name of this part
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{1}.ATTR.type='tet4'; %Element type
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{1}.elem.ATTR.id=(1:1:size(E_disc,1))'; %Element id's
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{1}.elem.VAL=E_disc; %The element matrix

partName2='Part2';
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{2}.ATTR.name=partName2; %Name of this part
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{2}.ATTR.type='tri3'; %Element type
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{2}.elem.ATTR.id=size(E_disc,1)+(1:1:size(E1,1))'; %Element id's
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{2}.elem.VAL=E1; %The element matrix

partName3='Part3';
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{3}.ATTR.name=partName3; %Name of this part
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{3}.ATTR.type='tri3'; %Element type
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{3}.elem.ATTR.id=size(E_disc,1)+size(E1,1)+(1:1:size(E2,1))'; %Element id's
febio_spec.Mesh.Elements{3}.elem.VAL=E2; %The element matrix

%MeshDomains section
febio_spec.MeshDomains.SolidDomain{1}.ATTR.name=partName1;
febio_spec.MeshDomains.SolidDomain{1}.ATTR.mat=materialName1;

febio_spec.MeshDomains.ShellDomain{1}.ATTR.name=partName2;
febio_spec.MeshDomains.ShellDomain{1}.ATTR.mat=materialName2;

febio_spec.MeshDomains.ShellDomain{2}.ATTR.name=partName3;
febio_spec.MeshDomains.ShellDomain{2}.ATTR.mat=materialName3;

%Rigid section
% ->Rigid body fix boundary conditions
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{1}.ATTR.name='RigidFix_1';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{1}.ATTR.type='fix';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{1}.rb=2;
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{1}.dofs='Rx,Ry,Rz,Ru,Rv,Rw';

febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{2}.ATTR.name='RigidFix_1';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{2}.ATTR.type='fix';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{2}.rb=3;
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{2}.dofs='Rx,Ry,Ru,Rv,Rw';

% ->Rigid body prescribe boundary conditions
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.ATTR.name='RigidPrescribe';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.ATTR.type='prescribe';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.rb=3;
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.dof='Rz';
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.value.ATTR.lc=1;
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.value.VAL=displacementMagnitude;
febio_spec.Rigid.rigid_constraint{3}.relative=0;

%LoadData section
% -> load_controller
febio_spec.LoadData.load_controller{1}.ATTR.id=1;
febio_spec.LoadData.load_controller{1}.ATTR.type='loadcurve';
febio_spec.LoadData.load_controller{1}.interpolate='LINEAR';
febio_spec.LoadData.load_controller{1}.points.point.VAL=[0 0; 1 1];

%Output section
% -> log file
febio_spec.Output.logfile.ATTR.file=febioLogFileName;
febio_spec.Output.logfile.node_data{1}.ATTR.file=febioLogFileName_disp;
febio_spec.Output.logfile.node_data{1}.ATTR.data='ux;uy;uz';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.node_data{1}.ATTR.delim=',';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.node_data{1}.VAL=1:size(V,1);

febio_spec.Output.logfile.rigid_body_data{1}.ATTR.file=febioLogFileName_force;
febio_spec.Output.logfile.rigid_body_data{1}.ATTR.data='Fx;Fy;Fz';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.rigid_body_data{1}.ATTR.delim=',';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.rigid_body_data{1}.VAL=2; %Rigid body material id

febio_spec.Output.logfile.element_data{1}.ATTR.file=febioLogFileName_strainEnergy;
febio_spec.Output.logfile.element_data{1}.ATTR.data='sed';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.element_data{1}.ATTR.delim=',';
febio_spec.Output.logfile.element_data{1}.VAL=1:size(E_disc,1);

Quick viewing of the FEBio input file structure

The febView function can be used to view the xml structure in a MATLAB figure window.

febView(febio_spec); %Viewing the febio file

Exporting the FEBio input file

Exporting the febio_spec structure to an FEBio input file is done using the febioStruct2xml function.

febioStruct2xml(febio_spec,febioFebFileName); %Exporting to file and domNode

Running the FEBio analysis

To run the analysis defined by the created FEBio input file the runMonitorFEBio function is used. The input for this function is a structure defining job settings e.g. the FEBio input file name. The optional output runFlag informs the user if the analysis was run succesfully.

febioAnalysis.run_filename=febioFebFileName; %The input file name
febioAnalysis.run_logname=febioLogFileName; %The name for the log file
febioAnalysis.disp_on=1; %Display information on the command window
febioAnalysis.runMode=runMode;%'internal';

[runFlag]=runMonitorFEBio(febioAnalysis);%START FEBio NOW!!!!!!!!
 
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
-------->    RUNNING/MONITORING FEBIO JOB    <-------- 17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
FEBio path: /home/kevin/FEBioStudio/bin/febio3
# Attempt removal of existing log files                17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
 * Removal succesful                                   17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
# Attempt removal of existing .xplt files              17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
 * Removal succesful                                   17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
# Starting FEBio...                                    17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
  Max. total analysis time is: Inf s
 * Waiting for log file creation                       17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
   Max. wait time: 30 s
 * Log file found.                                     17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
# Parsing log file...                                  17-Feb-2022 10:17:00
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.1                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.2                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.3                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.4                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.5                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.6                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
------- converged at time : 0.7                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:01
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
------- converged at time : 0.8                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
------- converged at time : 0.9                        17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
    number of iterations   : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
    number of reformations : 3                         17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
------- converged at time : 1                          17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
 Elapsed time : 0:00:01                                17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
 N O R M A L   T E R M I N A T I O N
# Done                                                 17-Feb-2022 10:17:02
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

Import FEBio results

if runFlag==1 %i.e. a succesful run

Importing nodal displacements from a log file

    dataStruct=importFEBio_logfile(fullfile(savePath,febioLogFileName_disp),1,1);

    %Access data
    N_disp_mat=dataStruct.data; %Displacement
    timeVec=dataStruct.time; %Time

    %Create deformed coordinate set
    V_DEF=N_disp_mat+repmat(V,[1 1 size(N_disp_mat,3)]);

Importing element stress from a log file

    dataStruct=importFEBio_logfile(fullfile(savePath,febioLogFileName_strainEnergy),1,1);

    %Access data
    E_sed_mat=dataStruct.data;

Plotting the simulated results using anim8 to visualize and animate deformations

    [CV]=faceToVertexMeasure(E_disc,V,E_sed_mat(:,:,end));

    % Create basic view and store graphics handle to initiate animation
    hf=cFigure; %Open figure
    gtitle([febioFebFileNamePart,': Press play to animate']);
    title('$\sigma_{3}$ [MPa]','Interpreter','Latex')
    hp=gpatch(Fb_disc,V_DEF(:,:,end),CV,'k',1); %Add graphics object to animate
    hp.Marker='.';
    hp.MarkerSize=markerSize2;
    hp.FaceColor='interp';

    hp2=gpatch([E1;E2],V_DEF(:,:,end),'w','none',0.5); %Add graphics object to animate

    axisGeom(gca,fontSize);
    colormap(flipud(gjet(250))); colorbar;
    caxis([min(E_sed_mat(:)) max(E_sed_mat(:))]);
    axis(axisLim(V_DEF)); %Set axis limits statically
    camlight headlight;

    % Set up animation features
    animStruct.Time=timeVec; %The time vector
    for qt=1:1:size(N_disp_mat,3) %Loop over time increments

        [CV]=faceToVertexMeasure(E_disc,V,E_sed_mat(:,:,qt));

        %Set entries in animation structure
        animStruct.Handles{qt}=[hp hp hp2]; %Handles of objects to animate
        animStruct.Props{qt}={'Vertices','CData','Vertices'}; %Properties of objects to animate
        animStruct.Set{qt}={V_DEF(:,:,qt),CV,V_DEF(:,:,qt)}; %Property values for to set in order to animate
    end
    anim8(hf,animStruct); %Initiate animation feature
    drawnow;
end
function [V1]=smoothCurve(F1,V1,nc,ns,indList1)
clear cPar
cPar.n=nc;
cPar.Method='HC';
e=[(1:numel(indList1))' [(2:numel(indList1))';1]];
v=V1(indList1,:);
[v]=patchSmooth(e,v,[],cPar);
V1(indList1,:)=v;

indTouch=unique(F1(any(ismember(F1,indList1),2),:));
indTouch=unique(F1(any(ismember(F1,indTouch),2),:));
logicRigid=true(size(V1,1),1);
logicRigid(indTouch)=0;
logicRigid(indList1)=1;
indRigid=find(logicRigid);

cPar.n=ns;
cPar.Method='HC';
cPar.RigidConstraints=indRigid;
[V1]=patchSmooth(F1,V1,[],cPar);
end

GIBBON www.gibboncode.org

Kevin Mattheus Moerman, [email protected]

GIBBON footer text

License: https://github.com/gibbonCode/GIBBON/blob/master/LICENSE

GIBBON: The Geometry and Image-based Bioengineering add-On. A toolbox for image segmentation, image-based modeling, meshing, and finite element analysis.

Copyright (C) 2006-2021 Kevin Mattheus Moerman and the GIBBON contributors

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.